Fire Fighting systems are basically categorized into equipment which help us in arresting a fire. Based on the type of fire and size of the building, different types of equipment or systems may be used. Fire Fighting Systems are necessary as very often Fire incidents have a huge cost both in terms of life as well as material. To avoid any such losses it is advisable to pre-assess the fire hazard of all buildings and install a suitable firefighting system.
Some of the common firefighting systems are:-
- Fire Extinguishers
- Fire Hydrant System
- Automatic Sprinkler System
- Foam Based Fire Fighting System.
Based on the size and nature of buildings the above systems are installed. In case there is a small office of 400 sq. feet where there is accounting work done with 5 staff members, only fire extinguishers would be installed considering there is a low level of fire hazard. Whereas for similar office space in case they are handling chemicals Foam based Fire Fighting, Fire Hydrant, and Sprinkler system would also be recommended considering a high fire hazard. If we were to talk about residential areas in Maharashtra different Fire Fighting Systems are recommended based on the height of the building. Buildings below 24 meters in height need only Extinguishers, Hose Reels, and Hydrants, whereas buildings above the height of 45 meters need Extinguishers, Hose Reels and Hydrants, and also Automatic Sprinkler System.
An extinguisher can be categorized under first aid or preliminary firefighting equipment which can help arrest a small fire. Hose reel drums are also similar to fire extinguishers they are easy to use and have a limited capacity of arresting fires. Fire Hydrants and Automated Sprinkler systems are complex equipment which are suggested only in buildings having high fire hazard and only experienced Fire Fighters can effectively use a Fire Hydrant system.
We at Sujay Fire LLP have been involved in the installation of Fire Fighting Systems in Residential, Commercial and Industrial Locations since 2005 and we provide our clients with a suggestion on what combination of systems need to be installed at their site based on Local Fire Office guidelines, National Building Code and Our Past Practical Experiences.